TASCIOVANUS ap LLudd

HUSBAND:
TASCIOVANUS ap Lludd. (TENUANTIUS). (Tenantius, Tenvantius, Tenefan, Teneufan, Trahayant, Teuhant, Theomantius). King of the Catuvellauni.
In Middle Welsh versions of Geoffrey's Historia his name appears as Teneufan and Trahayant. {S1, S7}
[Compare to LLYR LLEDIAITH]

TENUANTIUS, King of Britain. (TASCIOVANUS). (Theomantius, Tenantius, Tenefan, Tenuantius, Tasciovanus ap Llud). King of Britain. [Compare to LLYR LLEDIAITH]. Tasciovanus was a historical king of the Catuvellauni tribe before the Roman conquest of Britain.
Son of LLUDD ap Beli.

Tasciovanus is known through numismatic evidence. Some of the Verulamium coins name his son Cunobelinus, with Tasciovanus as his father. {S1}.

Tasciovanus was a historical king of the Catuvellauni tribe before the Roman conquest of Britain. He was preceeded by Cassivellaunus (Caswallon).

He appears to have become king of the Catuvellauni ca. 20 BC, ruling from Verulamium (St Albans). For a brief period ca. 15-10 BC he issued coins from Camulodunum (Colchester), apparently supplanting Addedomarus of the Trinovantes. After this he once again issued his coins from Verulamium, now bearing the title Ricon, Brythonic for "great/divine king". Some of his coins bear other abbrieviated names such as "DIAS", "SEGO" and "ANDOCO": these are generally considered to be the names of co-rulers or subordinate kings, but may instead be mint-marks. He died ca. AD 9, succeeded by his son Cunobelinus, who ruled primarily from Camulodunum. Another son, Epaticcus, expanded his territory westwards into the lands of the Atrebates.[S1a]

A genealogy preserved in the medieval Welsh manuscript Harleian 3859 contains three generations which read "Caratauc map Cinbelin map Teuhant". This is the equivalent of "Caratacus, son of Cunobelinus, son of Tasciovanus", putting the three historical figures in the correct order, although the wrong historical context, the degree of linguistic change suggesting a long period of oral transmission. The remainder of the genealogy contains the names of a sequence of Roman emperors, and two Welsh mythological figures, Guidgen (Gwydion) and Lou (Lleu).[S2b]

He appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae (1136) as the legendary king Tenvantius, son of Lud. When his father died, he and his older brother Androgeus were still minors, so the kingship of Britain was given to their uncle Cassibelanus. Tenvantius was made Duke of Cornwall, and participated in his uncle's defence of Britain against Julius Caesar. Androgeus went to Rome with Caesar, so when Cassibelanus died, Tenvantius succeeded him as king. He was in turn succeeded by his son Kimbelinus, who had been brought up at the court of Augustus Caesar. {S1}.

In Middle Welsh versions of Geoffrey's Historia his name appears as Teneufan and Trahayant.[S1d].

He died in 26 B.C.

WIFE:
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CHILDREN of TENUANTIUS, King of Britain
  1. CUNOBELINUS ap Tasciovanus. (Cymbeline, Cunobeline, Cynvelin). (late 1st century BC - 40s AD). King of the Catuvellauni tribe after his father. He ruled primarily from Camulodunum. known from passing mentions by classical historians Suetonius and Dio Cassius, and from his many inscribed coins. He appears to have controlled a substantial portion of south-eastern England, and is called "Britannorum rex" ("king of the Britons") by Suetonius. He also appears in British legend as Cynfelyn, Kymbelinus or Cymbeline, in which form he is the subject of a play by William Shakespeare. His name means "hound of (the god) Belenus" or "shining hound".
  2. Epaticcus. He expanded his territory westwards into the lands of the Atrebates. {S1}.


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