HOME ~ Contact us

A STUDY OF VENABLES AND VERNON FAMILIES AND THEIR CONNECTIONS




INDEX:

THE VERNON FAMILY NAME
COAT OF ARMS
INDIVIDUALS NAME INDEX
VERNON FAMILIES INDEX
SOURCES
VERNON FAMILY LOCATIONS
RESEARCH

THE VERNON FAMILY NAME

The Vernon family name begins with Richard de Reviers [F50], who was an officer loyal to William the Conqueror (before he became the conqueror). As a reward, Richard received the town of Vernon-sur-Seine in France in the year 1050. From then on, Richard de Reviers and his descendants took the name of the town for their surname.

This noble family is descended from the Lords of Vernon, in the duchy of Normandy. Their common ancestor, William De Vernon, assumed his surname from the town and district of Vernon, whereof he was sole proprietor, anno 1052; he founded and richly endowed the collegiate and parochial church of St. Mary, in Vernon, for a Dean and Secular Canons, and lies interred there, under an altar monument, whereon is his effigies. He had two sons, Richard and Walter; who both came into England with William the Conqueror. The younger, Walter, obtained the Lordships of Winfleton, Nesse, Ledsam, and Preston, in Cheshire; Henwell, Adestock, and'Plaet-Merton, in Bucks; and had a share in his father's possessions in Normandy; but, dying without issue, they descended to His elder brother, Richard de Vernon, Lord of Vernon, who was one of the Barons created by Hugh Lupus, to whom William the Conqueror, his uncle, in the 20th year of his reign, granted the county-palatine of Chester. ( Sir Warin I DE VERNON, 4th. Baron Of Shipbroke [2529]. Genealogy - KNIGHTs from Continental Europe to England/Ireland, to Philadelphia (PA), to France - Oct. 2015. http://knight-france.com/geneal/names/2529.htm. QUOTES as sources: a). Collins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and ..., Volume 7> Par Arthur Collins,Sir Egerton Brydges).
The town of Vernon-sur-Seine is said to be named from the Gallic term Verno, which designates the Alder tree. The town lies on the banks of the River Seine, and is located about 30 miles (70 kilometers) down-river from Paris.

Sixteen years later, in 1066, William lands in England and is victorious. Richard de Reviers, now titled Richard de Vernon, fights with him at the Battle of Hastings. Richard and his family recieve many seignoral estates, in particular Vernon Castle in Cheshire.

The Venables family is closely tied together with the Vernon family, so both are followed here.

An inscription at Vernon in Normandy : "Cy Repose Guillaume de Vernon Digne de nom Prince et Gubernatuar. De ce liru ici dont la pris son surnam par droit canon."

COAT OF ARMS

VERNON (temp. Edward III) Argent, fretty sable. Mantling sable and argent. Crest - On a wreath of the colours, a boars head erased sable, ducally gorged or.

Motto - Vernon semper viret. Motto translates: Vernon always flourishes, or more literally, Vernon is always green.

Baron VERNON:

Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th quarterly of four, 1st and 4th,argent afret sable, 2nd and 3rd, or on a fess azure three garbs of the field (both for VERNON); 2nd and 3rd, azure two bars argent (for VENABLES). Crests: 1 A boar's head erased sable, ducahy gorged or (for VERNON), 2 A wyvem argent, standing on a weir of the last banded azure, pierced through the body in fess by an arrow and devouring a child proper. Supporters: Dexter, a lion gules, gorged with a collar and chain reflexed over the back or; sinister, a boar sable, gorged with a ducal coronet and chain reflexed over the back or. Motto: Vernon semper viret ('Vernon always fiourishes'/'The spring does not always flourish'). Creation: B. (GB) 12 May 1762. Burke's Peerage and Baronetage:

*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

How I am connected to theVernon family:





      Roger de Vernon (c980-?)
               |
      Hugh de Reviers, of Vernon (1000-1050) md (miss) de Centville
               |
      William de Reviers, Lord Vernon (1030-1053) md Emma FitzOsborn
               |
      Richard de Reviers, Captain of Vernon (1050-1107) md Adelise Peverel
               |
      Warin de Vernon (1148-1190) md (miss) de Baliol
               |
      Richard de Vernon (1164-1196) md Avice de Avenell                                                      
    _______________________|__________________________________
   |                                                          |
William de Vernon (1200-1330) md Margaret de Stokeport   Warine de Vernon (1178-1248)  md Auda de Malbank
   |                                                          |
   |                                                      Ralph de Vernon (1221-1270) md Cecilia Crew/Maude Grosvenor
   |                                                          |
Richard de Vernon (1232-1263) md Margaret de Vipont      Ralph de Vernon (1256-1325) md Mary de Dacre
   |                                                           |
Richard de Vernon (1250-1330) md Juliana de Vesci        Thomas de Vernon (1292-1336) md Joan Lostock
   |                                                           |
Richard de Vernon (1283-1323) md Mathilde de Camville     Richard de Vernon (1312-1351) md Beatrice de Moreton
   |                                                           |
William de Vernon (1313-1346) md Margaret de Stockport    Richard de Vernon (1332-?) md Ellen de Dukenfield
   |                                                           |
Richard Vernon (1346-1376) md Juliana Pembrugge           James de Vernon (1361-1431) md Alice Savage
   |                                                           |
Richard Vernon (1370-1400) md Joan verch Rhys (Stackpole) Richard de Vernon (1390-1438)md Joane Torbock
   |                                                           |
Richard Vernon (1394-1451) md Benedicat Ludlow             John Vernon (1420-1458)md Mabel Gifford
   |                                                           |
William Vernon (1421-1467) md Margaret Swynfen             Ralph Vernon (1446-1497) md Jane Fouleshurst
   |                                                           |
Henry Vernon (1441-1515) md Anne Talbot                    Richard Vernon (1470-1518)md Margaret Ropp (Dutton?)
   |                                                           |
Humphrey Vernon (1463-1542) md Alice Ludlow                 Ralph Vernon (1494-1524)md Isabel Leversage
   |                                                           |
Thomas Vernon (1510-1557) md Elianor Shirley                Robert Vernon (c1510-1571) md Cicely Fulleshurst
     ______|______________________                             |
    |                             |                            |
Walter Vernon (1540-1592)         |                         Thomas Vernon (1537-1616) md Dorothy Egerton
 md Mary Littleton      Henry Vernon (1565-1592)               |     
                         md Dorothy Heveningham                |
     |                            |                            |
Edward Vernon (1572-1657) md Margaret Vernon (1592-1656).  (Sir) George Vernon (1578-1639) md Alice Booth
     |                                                      /                 
Henry Vernon (1615-1658)      -     md      -     Muriel Vernon (1620-?)
     |
George Vernon (1635-1702)  md Catherine
     |
Henry Vernon (1686-1718)  md Anne Pigott
     |
George Venables-Vernon (1707-1780) md Mary Howard
     |
(Lord) George Venables-Vernon (1735-1813)  relationship with Mary 
     |
George Vernon (1770-1846)  md  Rebecca Goulbourne
     |
Elizabeth Vernon (1790-1839) md Joseph Morris 
     |
George Morris (1816-1897)  
     |
James Newberry Morris (1857-1913)
     |
Eli Ray Morris (1892-1980)
     |
LeGrand Elliott Morris (1916-2005)
     |
Rod Morris

*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

INDIVIDUALS NAME INDEX:


*~*~*~*

lu: F731. not used: F170, F174, F185, F186, F511, F513, F514
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

VERNON FAMILIES INDEX:






SOURCES:



*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

VERNON FAMILY LOCATIONS



VERNON FAMILY LOCATIONS

HADDON HALL

It was from the portals of this splendid old baronial residence that the Vernons, of Sudbury, Tong, Stokesay, and Hodnet went forth. We have before us the shield of this illustrious family, with its hundred quarterings, in which we recognise those of twenty-three Baronies, twenty-three Earldoms, one Dukedom, and one of Princely distinction. Their vast estates came to them by alliance with the heiresses of the Avenells, Camviles, Stackpoles, Pembruges, and Swynfens. We would correct an error made by many very learned authorities that Sir William Vernon, in the reign of Henry VI., married Margaret Pipe; this lady was Margaret Swynfen, heiress of the Pipes. Both Lysons and Burke are very clear on this fact, though we believe it tripped the celebrated Dugdale. (S1).

Was it not in keeping with the traditions of both their houses that the affection of Dorothy Vernon and John Manners should be given to one another? The splendour of the House of Manners rose from heiresses even then. Eleanor Roos had brought them the Baronies of Vaux, Trushbut, and Belvoir, with its glorious Castle, together with a coronet. Anne St Leger (niece of Edward IV.) gave them relationship with the Plantagenets; Royal augmentation to shield, afterwards enhanced by an Earldom; and so Dorothy piled on her Derbyshire estates, and her womanly heart. How the Earldom of Rutland devolved upon their grandson was an incident which partakes of the marvellous. He became heir-apparent when there was scarcely the remotest prospect of such an event. Briefly instanced the facts are these:- In the year 1613, the two sons of the Earl mysteriously died, leaving him childless. The doctors could assign no reason, but it was ultimately discovered (so say certain State papers) that the boys had met their death from witchcraft. How Margaret and Philippa Flowers confessed their guilt and were hanged at Lincoln; how their mother said if she was guilty she hoped she might die, and immediately fell dead; and how King James and the Parliament of England were so satisfied of these women's crime that they passed the memorable statute against such occult practices, is to be found in our law books.[S1c] Among the committee of the Lords who framed this most superstitious of statutes were twelve bishops, and among the members of the Commons who passed it were Sir Francis Bacon and Sir John Coke. There is another incident of the House of Manners, told by old Leland, which is as incredible, but which will serve to illustrate the fact that this patrician house has a pedigree back to the old Earls of Mercia, who were petty sovereigns before England was a kingdom or Normandy a dukedom. Alfred the Third (of Mercia) being on a visit to the castle of D'Albini (which stood, we believe, on the site of Belvoir), appeared so enamoured of his daughters as to excite a suspicion in their father that he had entertained designs against the virtue of one of them, though he was at a loss to discover which. However, he one morning entered the apartment of the King, leading his eldest daughter naked with one hand and holding a drawn sword in the other; he was followed by his wife, leading the second daughter, and his son the third, both in like manner naked. And D'Albini, having informed the King of his apprehensions, required him immediately to declare if they were well founded, in which case he was determined to put them all to death before his face. But if, on the contrary, his intentions were honourable, he required him to make choice of one of them for his wife. The King was so affected with the solemnity of this expostulation that, determining to quiet the apprehensions of D'Albini, he immediately declared his resolution to make the second daughter his Queen.[ (S1d).

Edmund Lodge, the Norray King at Arms, dug out from the Talbot Papers several letters of great interest relating to Derbyshire History, one of which we will transcribe, as it is signed by Roger Manners, the brother of Dorothy's John, and states the fact that one of the ladies of this illustrious family ran away with the gentlemen she was fond of, to the great displeasure of Queen Elizabeth. The letter is dated 20th September, 1594 (S1):

"I most humbly thank your Lordship and my Lady for this fat stag, which is very well baked; but that the pasties be so great that I have no dish that will hold them Mr. Bucknall thanketh your Lordship for the stag's head, which he is contented shall be placed on his head whensoever he doth marry; in the meantime he will place it not in the stables, but upon the entry of his house instead of a porter, and so he saith it shall be monument. (S1).

"Touching the matter of my Lady Bridget's marriage, Her Majesty taketh it for a great offence, and so as I hear, she mindeth to punish, according to her pleasure, fiat. I am now not so discontented that my credit is no greater with the Countess (of Bedford), unless her Ladyship would be advised; she hath almost marred a good cause with evil handling, and truly she never vouchsafed to send to me in that cause, nor once to speak to me thereof when I was last with her Ladyship, so as I am ignorant of what course she holdeth therein; and yet my Lady Bridget, in her journey to my Lady of Bedford's, did vouchsafe a lodging in this poor cottage, where she was to me very welcome, and when it shall please them to command me I shall be ready to do them service. I thank your Lordship for your Irish news. I am so long a countryman as I am clean forgotten in Court, and, seldom hear hence, wherewith I am nothing displeased, and yet about a fortnight hence I mean to go towards London, and to go by my Lady of Bedford's to see my Lady Bridget. Thus recommending my duty to your Lordship and my honourable good Lady, I wish to both all honour and contentation." (S1).

The beauty of Dorothy Vernon's love comes out splendidly when compared with the spurious fidelity of a lady who was mistress of Haddon exactly a century later. She was Anne Pierpont, daughter of the Marquis of Dorchester and wife of John Manners, ninth Earl of Rutland. Her children were pronounced by Act of Parliament, bearing date 8th February, 1667, to be illegitimate. Three years later there was another Act passed which allowed the Earl to marry again. How memorable this last Act was can only be thoroughly realised by the historical student, for the Canon Law of the Church prohibited a divorced man the solace of a second union, and this setting aside the Canon Law by legislation was only the second instance in the history of the nation. (S1).

The earliest document relating to Haddon is one written in the reign of Richard I., and signed by his brother John, which gave authority to Richard Vernon to fortify his house with a wall, a portion of which is still to be seen. This was almost seven centuries ago, and immediately after the death of Sir William Avenell, whose daughter and co-heiress, Avicia, Vernon had espoused. Her sister Elizabeth married Ralph Basset, feudal Lord of Sapcote. History is silent about the Avenells, excepting their bequests to the Church. They gave One Ash to Roche Abbey and Conksbury to the Monks at Leicester. They were probably mesne tenants under the Peverells, and afterwards tenants in chief of the Crown. The Vernons were Lords of Vernon in Normandy before the Conquest, and after the victory of Hastings they were made Barons of Shipbroke, in Cheshire. The motto was and is Vernon semper viret, and one of the family seems very likely to have verified it in himself, for, according to Edmondson and other heraldic authorities, he lived through five generations and then thought proper to die. This was in the reign of Edward II. Quaint old Fuller renders and punctuates the motto:- Ver non semper floret; and adds, "So ill it is to trust in the spring of human felicity". Burke recounts there were fourteen generations of Vernons who were Lords of Haddon. Lysons shows fifteen, because Richard Vernon, the first holder, had only a daughter by Avicia Avenell, whose son by Gilbert le Franceys retained his mother's name. This fact Burke suppresses, but why should he do so ? [S1e]

The Vernons were more distinguished as warriors than statesmen. During the Wars of the Roses they were staunch adherents to the House of York, which fact Shakespeare has immortalised in his description of the quarrel between the Earls of Somerset and Warwick. The scene is in the Temple Gardens, and the hostile nobles, who have plucked different coloured roses as future badges, Vernon thus addresses: (S1).

Stay, lords and gentlemen, and pluck no more
Till you conclude that he upon whose side
The fewest roses are cropp'd from the tree
Shall yield the other in the right opinion.
SOMERSET: Good Master Vernon, it is well objected;
If I have fewest, I subscribe in silence.

VERNON: Then, for the truth and plainness of the case,
I pluck this pale and maiden blossom here,
Giving my verdict on the white rose side.
SOMERSET: Prick not your finger as you pluck it off,
Lest, bleeding, you do paint the white rose red,
And fall on my side so, against your will.
VERNON: If I, my lord, for my opinion bleed,
Opinion shall be surgeon to my hurt
And keep me on the side where still I am.

from: I HENRY VI., Act II., Scene 4. (S1).

When the battle of Bosworth utterly crushed the cause of the Yorkists, the Vernons were not disturbed in their possession of Haddon, but were actually (within a few years) made the governors of Prince Arthur.[6] The Plumptons, of Hassop, had poured out their blood for the House of Lancaster, yet the monarch they had helped to place upon the throne allowed his nefarious ministers, Empson and Dudley, to ruin them. The Bassets, of Bubnell and Blore (relatives of the Vernons), fought valiantly for Henry Tudor, but he did not give them back their Barony of Sapcote, for it remains in abeyance to this day These are facts that never extort a remark from the compilers of Derbyshire history. (S1).

In the south-west angle of the chancel of the Chapel at Haddon there is an ecclesiastical curiosity too frequently overlooked by even lovers of the place. We refer to the "Squint". We know of no other in the Peak of Derbyshire. Some of out readers may not be aware that a squint allows a view of anyone in the building, and yet the beholder cannot he seen. How often may not John Manners have appeased the yearnings of his heart from here by a look at his Dorothy? We find from the Register of Chapel-en-le-Frith that the Vernons, of Hazlebadge, one of the branches of the Haddon family, were not extinct until the end of the seventeenth century. The present noble resident at Sudbury is not only the representative of the Vernons, of Haddon, but, says Forster, of a branch older, and moreover (which is extraordinary) of "three out of the eight Barons of the Palatine of Chester, created by Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, viz., Venerables, Baron of Kinderton; Vernon, Baron of Shipbroke; and Warren, Baron of Stockport". (S1).

There is a fact which illustrates the lovable character of Dorothy Vernon that her greatest admirers too often forget. Her husband was a squire simply, and remained so until twenty years after her decease. (S1).

Haddon, with its various styles of architecture, whether Norman, Early English, Decorative, Perpendicular, or Renaissance; with its gobelin tapestry and fixtures of the Middle Ages, makes us feel thankful that none of its noble owners have ever patronised the improver, and thankful, too, for their courtesy in allowing such an inestimable pleasure as a visit to its old baronial halls. (S1).

This building is of very great interest to the student of antiquity, from its state of preservation, illustrating so thoroughly the baronial mansion of the Middle Ages, with its Chapel, Banqueting Hall, and State Bed-chamber. Rayner, in his History and Antiquities of Haddon Hall, tells a rich story of old times (the story was told to Rayner by William Hage, the Guide, "a descendant of John Ward, who, in 1527, was deer-keeper to the Lord of Haddon" . . . "who was turned out of the family six times for drinking too much, and at length died drunk. His son, however, succeeded him in his office; and his posterity in the female line have continued in the service of the proprietors of Haddon Hall to the present time." We, believe this guide is still alive, at a very advanced age, living at Clay Cross). (S1).

"A great butcher, who used to fit the family at Haddon with small meat, a fat man weighing eighteen stone, named John Taylor, from Darley Dale, came at Christmas time, when they were keeping open house; and the old Earl's wife would not let the butter go into the larder till she had seen it, so it remained in the old family hall (the Banqueting Hall) and stood there for some hours. The butlers (of whom there were two, one for the small-beer cellar and the other for the strong) had for several weeks before missed two pounds of butter every week, and they could not think what had become of it, or who had taken it, so they determined to watch, one butler spying through the little door, and the other through the great door, when presently the great butcher came as usual for orders for small meat; and after looking round he lays his fingers upon the butter, and pops one pound of butter within his coat on one side, and another pound on the other side. This was observed, and the butler from the strong beer cellar came up to the butcher saying, 'Jack, it is Christmas time - I have a famous jack of strong beer and you shall have it before you go. Sit you down by the kitchen fire.' He sat there awhile, when the butler, handing him the flagon, said, 'Don't be afraid of it, I will fetch some more.' And as he sat near the fire, the butter on one side melting with the heat, began to trickle down his breeches into his shoes. 'Why Jack,' said the butler, 'you seem a great deal fatter on one side than the other. Turn yourself round, you must be starved on one side.' He was obliged to comply, and presently the butter ran down that side also; and afterwards, as he walked up the Hall, the melted butter ran over the tops of his shoes. The Earl, says Hage, made a laughing-stock of it, but if such a thing was to be done in these days, the man would be turned out of the family". This nobleman was the grandson of our Dorothy, and his lady was Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Montagu. (S1).

The old doorway yonder leads into the Court-yard, where the squires and the host of retainers wearing the livery of their lord were wont to congregate; where the neighbouring knights and ladies met before an hawking expedition. How it makes us want to know them as Pepys and Evelyn have made us familiar with the Cavaliers of the Stuarts; yet what a link with past ages is its masonry. It was standing when an English was spoken which would be unintelligible to us; when John of Gaunt was dangling after Elizabeth Swynford; when it was a crime to wear satin or damask, or silk, or chamlet, or taffeta, or velvet, or a coat with sleeves, or "any fur, whereof the like kind groweth not in England, Calais, Berwick, or the marshes of the same". (S1).

SOURCES for Haddon Hall:
1. Haddon Hall. Old Halls, Manors and Families of Derbyshire. Volume I, The High Peak Hundred. by Joseph Tilley. Transcription by Rosemary Lockie © 1999-2001. Haddon Hall. http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DBY/Tilley/VolumeI/HaddonHall.html QUOTES as sources:
a). Woodnoth's "Collections", and Lysons' "Cheshire".
b). Vide "Baronagium", Vol V., p. 193; Lysons' "Cheshire", p. 643.
c). State Trials., and Nichol's "History of Leicestershire".
d). Itinerary", Vol. VIII., p. 70 b.
e). Lysons "Mag. Brit.", Vol. V., p. 55.
f). Article on Hazelbadge.

*~~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~**~*~

HILTON PARK

Hilton Park was the Vernon seat from 1562 until 1955, when it was sold to the Order of St Joseph of Bordeaux as a convent, and in 1986 bought by the Tarmac group as its headquarters. The estate came into the Vernon family, originally from Derbyshire, through connections with the Swynnertons. The present Queen Ann house was built by Henry Vernon. The property consisted in 1958 of the mansion, stable block, L shaped moat and grounds. A dominant feature half a mile south is the stone built Portobello Tower, hexagonal and embattled with interior staircase, that was erected by Henry Vernon to commemorate the taking by Admiral Vernon [F55] of Portobello with six ships of the line in 1739. (ref sale advert). The estate contained deposits of coal, gravel and clay, all of which contributed to the family’s fortune.

From Burke's Landed Gentry 1964:
Wolverhampton Express & Star extract:
"Nature Turned Against Hilton Main, The Pit They said Would Go On for Years. In The End the Rock has Beaten the asses coal. Hilton had its roots in 18th century mines of the Essington area, where black faced miners hacked out nuts which were carried on donkeys' backs to the town and sold by the "ass load." In the 17th and 18th centuries there was always a good market for the 1oads they called Squire Vernon's coal" after the Hilton autocracy of the times. The black-diamond zone north of Wolverhampton - where dozens of narrow shafts still lie capped and covered, but unfilled - fathered the Cannock Chase coalfield itself. The miners worked the seam northwards, and new pits and new communities were born as the old pits died.

Hilton itself was conceived to extend the Holly Bank Colliery operations into seams north and west of Essington. Good coal "panels" were proved in 1908, and 14 years later the first shaft was driven. In 1924 up came the first coal, from 3Oom. year old measures. In mining tradition the first nuggets were toasted in good ale, and the future seemed assured. But it soon became clear that Hilton's seams had a Jekyll-and-Hyde character of rock-faulting. Good coal could turn suddenly into red or grey rock where a seam had slipped. It often needed steep gradients to keep working yet the coal was determinedly mined and in 1927 Hilton took over when the Essington pit closed. There was even a plan to open another pit at Four Ashes, a few miles westwards. Hilton made history as the Midlands' first all-electric pit and survived a company liquidation in 1936. Its second shaft went down in 1936, and at 637 yards was one of the deepest in the Cannock field roughly as far as far Wolverhampton's Queen-Square to Chapel-ash. The pit passed to the National Coal Board after the war and as late as 1964, was rated a "1ong-life" pit. A miners' union official predicted enough coal "for 25 years or more." Now the rock has won, despite the miners' desperate "donkey work" to find consistently profitable coal through new tunneling. And tomorrow, although the pit will live on for salvage, the era of the asses' coal will end.

*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

BAKEWELL

Bakewell is a small market town situated twenty-six miles from Derby, fifteen from Chesterfield, and one hundred and fifty-two from London. The extensive parish of Bakewell comprises the township of that name; the townships of Blackwall, Brushfield, Calver, Curbar, Flagg, Froggatt, Over- and Nether-Haddon, Harthill, Hassop, Little-Longstone (or Longsdon), Rowland, Great Rowsley, and part of Wardlow; besides the parochial chapelries of Ashford, Baslow, Beeley, Buxton, Chelmorton, Great Longstone, Monyash, Sheldon and Taddington. The first mention we find of this town is in the reign of Edward the Elder, who, as we are told in the Saxon Chronicle, marched with his army in the year 924 from Nottingham to Badecanwillan, and then commanded a castle to be built in its neighbourhood, and garrisoned. This place evidently derives its name from a mineral spring and an ancient bath, which probably, as well as that of Buxton, was known to the Romans: the name is written Badequelle in the Domesday survey, and was soon afterwards further corrupted to Bauquelle. (S2).

It appears by the quo warranto roll, that in the year 1330, John Gernon claimed a market on Monday, at Bakewell; a fair for three days at the festival of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, and another for fifteen days beginning on the vigil of St. Philip and St. James. The last-mentioned fair had been granted in 1251, to William Gernon. A small market for butchers' meat etc is now held on Friday; there are now six fairs; Easter Monday, Whit-Monday, August 26th, Monday after October 11th, and Monday after old Martinmas day, for horses, cattle etc. There are also three fairs or great markets, annually, but not at fixed periods, for the sale of fat cattle only. (S2).

Moor-Hall, said to have been an ancient seat of the Gernons, stood about a mile west of Bakewell, on the edge of the moors. (S2).

The manor of Bakewell (the Badequelle of Domesday) was parcel of the ancient demesnes of the crown. William the Conqueror gave it to his natural son William Peverell, whose son, having forfeited all his possessions in the reign of Henry II this manor was given by King John to Ralph Gernon. In 1199, the fee of Bakewell was granted by King John to William Briewere, and was one of those assigned by King Edward I. in 1282, to Katherine, mother of Queen Eleanor. In 1286 William Gernon Lord of Bakewell, granted certain privileges to the burgesses of that town: the co-heiresses of Sir John Gernon, who died siesed of the manor of Bakewell, in 1383, married Botetourt and Peyton. Sir Richard Swinburne who married the heiress of Botetourt, died in 1391. Alice, one of the sisters and co-heirs of his son Sir Thomas, brought the manor of Bakewell to John Helion. Isabel, one of the co-heiresses of John Helion, the son, brought it to Humphrey Tyrell; whose daughter and heir having married Sir Roger Wentworth, joined in the sale of this manor to Sir Henry Vernon, in the year 1502. It has since passed with the Haddon estate, and is now the property of the Duke of Rutland. (S2).

In the parish church, which is an ancient and spacious structure, exhibiting the architecture of various periods, are the monuments of Sir Thomas Wendesley or Wensley, mortally wounded, whilst fighting on the side of the House of Lancaster, at the battle of Shrewsbury; Sir John Vernon, Knt. (son and heir of Henry) 1477; Sir George Vernon, of Haddon, who died in 1561, and his two wives, Margaret daughter of Sir Gilbert Talbois, and Maud, daughter of Sir Ralph Longford; Sir John Manners (second son of Thomas Earl of Rutland) who died in 1611, and his wife (Dorothy, daughter and co-heir of Sir George Vernon) who died in 1584; John Manners, (third son of Sir John) who died in 1590 and Sir George Manners, who died 1623. He married Grace, daughter of Sir Henry Pierrepont. There are memorials also for Basset Copwood, maternally descended from the Bassets of Blore, who died at Bubnell Hall, in 1628, and the Walthalls descended from the family of that name at Wistaston, in Cheshire, 1744 &c. (S2).

The parish of Bakewell is stated in the Domesday Survey to have had two priests. King John, in the first year of his reign, granted the church of Bakewell, then collegiate, with its prebends and other appurtenances, to the canons of Lichfield, to whom it was afterwards appropriated. At the time of King John's grant, there were three officiating priests in this church, for whom a competent maintenance was stipulated, and one of the pregendaries of Lichfield was, in consequence of the above-mentioned grant, to say mass for the souls of the King and his ancestors, in Lichfield cathedral. The prebends of Bakewell were three in number: Matthew, a canon of Lichfield, being the incumbent of one of these, was allowed by the dean and chapter to retain it during his life. (S2).

The manor at Nether-Haddon belonged at an early period to the family of Avenell, whose co-heiresses married Vernon and Basset. The heiress of Vernon, in the reign of Henry the Third, married Gilbert Le Francis, whose son Richard took the name of Vernon and died at the age of 29 in 1296. This Richard was common ancestor of the Vernons of Haddon, Stokesay, Hodnet, Sudbury, etc.. The Bassets continued to possess a moiety of Nether-Haddon in the reign of Edward III, but in or before the reign of Henry VI. the whole became vested in the Vernons, who had purchased Basset's moiety. Sir Richard Vernon of Haddon was speaker of the Parliament held at Leicester in 1425; his son of the same name was the last person who held for life the high office of Constable of England. Sir Henry Vernon, grandson of the latter, was Governor to Prince Arthur, son of Henry VIII, who is said to have resided with him at Haddon. The Haddon branch of the Vernons became extinct in 1565 by the death of Sir George Vernon, who, by the magnificence of his retinue and his great hospitality, is said to have acquired the name of "King of the Peak". Dorothy, the younger of his co-heiresses, brought Haddon to Sir John Manners, second son of Thomas, the first Earl of Rutland, of that family, and immediate ancestor of His Grace the Duke of Rutland, who is the present proprietor. (S2).

The ancient castellated mansion of Haddon-hall, exhibits the architecture of various periods, having been built at several times by the families of Vernon and Manners. The general appearance of this ancient mansion, with its turrets, surrounded by woody scenery, is very picturesque. The gallery in the south front, about 110 feet in length, and only 17 in width, was built in the reign of Elizabeth. The great hall was the ancient dining-room. Most of the other apartments, which are numerous, are of small dimensions. About the year 1760, the house was entirely stripped of its furniture, which was removed to Belvoir Castle, but the building is still kept in good repair. The Rutland family have not resided at Haddon since the reign of Queen Anne, when the first Duke lived there occasionally in great state, and is said to have kept his Christmas with open house, in the true style of old English hospitality. A ball was given in the gallery by the Duke of Rutland on occasion of his coming of age, and another by the inhabitants of Bakewell, on occasion of the peace of 1802. (S2).

The manor of Blackwall, a township in this chapelry, was given to the Priory of Lenton in Nottinghamshire by Wiliam Peverell, in the reign of Henry I. It appears by Pope Nicholas's Valor, that this manor consisted of four oxgangs of land, then valued at 1 pound 5 shillings per annum. This manor was granted in 1552 to Sir William Cavendish, and seems to have descended to the Newcastle branch of the fmaily. It is included in the rental of the Earl of Newcastle's estates in 1641, being then valued at 307 pounds per annum. There was another manor in Blackwall, which was the property and residence, for several generations, of the ancient family of Blackwall; the last of whom having become greatly involved in debt, an extent was issued at the suit of the crown, in the reign of Charles II for the enormous sum of 130,632 pounds 7s 10d This manor having been then seized appears to have been granted to the family of Hope; Lady Margaret Hope, widow (dau of the Earl of Haddington) was possessed of it in 1702. Both these manors and the whole of the landed property in Blackwall, are now vested in his Grace the Duke of Devonshire. (S2).

SOURCES for Bakewell:
1. Bakewell, Derbyshire. Extract from Lysons' Topographical and Historical Account of Derbyshire, 1817 (Magna Britannia. Vol 5). Transcribed by Barbarann Ayars © 2001. http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DBY/Bakewell/Lysons.html.

*~*~*~*~*~*~*~**~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*