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(Reverend) Stephen BACHILER

HUSBAND:
[F15160]. (Reverend) Stephen BACHILER. [PC T4-5], [PC T4-8].
(BACHELOR)(BACHELDER)(BACHILER-S3) (BATCHELDER)(BACHLER-S5)(BATCHILLER-S24). His name was usually spelled Bachiler, but his children in America used the name Batchelder.(S27).

Born (in 1561-S8,S25)(about 1561-S6,S7)(23 JUN 1561-S13,S28) at (South Stoneham-S?)(Stoneham-S13)(Wherwell-S25), Hampshire, England.(S13). He is said to be the son of Philip BATCHELDER [F30320] and Anne FLANDERS [F30321]. (S21).
Sanborn (S24) says: All references that may be found in various places on this Internet to his "father" Philip Bachiler are incorrect and should be ignored or, preferably, corrected. Much research has been done to search for his parentage in England, but to date there has been no success.

“I knew nothing of Stephen Bachiler's parentage, but my daughter accidentally came across a father for him on the internet, and it named his father as Philip Bachiler, born 1535; and a mother, Ann, born in Flanders; and their natural son to be Stephen Bachiler, born 1561, with spouses Christian Weare, Helena Mason and Mary Beedle. However, George F. Sanborn founder and genealogist of the Sanborn Family Association, having investigated this, and having found no proof, rejects it.”(S25).

There is recorded Stephen Bachiler's entry to St. John's College, Oxford University on 17 November 1581, at the age of twenty-one. He was admitted as a Bachelor of Arts on 3 February 1585-1586. The leading profession for college graduates in that day was that of Clergyman, and Mr. Bachiler determined to study for the ministry, at that time being a member of the established church. (S25).

Received B.A. from St. Johns College, Oxford on 3 February 1586-1587.

He became a Reverend. From St. John's College, Oxford, he was fortunate, indeed, to become a vicar at an early age. Little is known of his early ministry.

Apparently, the time between his graduation from Oxford in February 1585-1586 and 17 July 1587 was spent in preparation for his lifework. On this last date, 17 July 1587, the death of Edward Parret, vicar of Wherwell in Hampshire, made a vacancy. Stephen Bachiler was presented with the office by William West, Lord de la Ware , and became vicar of The Church Of Holy Cross and St. Peter. (This Lord de la Ware was the father of the Lord for whom Delaware was named.) (S25).

He married (1) Anne (BATE?) [F15161] (in 1580-1589-S6)(1586-S20)(about 1590-S7) at (Wherwell, Hampshire, England-S?)(at Southampton, England-S23).

Anne was the mother of all of his 6 children. (S6).

From 17 Jul 1587 to 1614 he resided at Wherwell, Hants, Eng.

In 1593, he was cited in Star Chamber for having "uttered in a sermon at Newberry, very lewd speeches tending seditiously to the derogation of Her Majesty's government." (S25).

Queen Elizabeth had an act passed against the Puritans in 1593 which gave the authorities the right to imprison the Puritans for failure to attend The Anglican Church. (S25).

(Star Chamber was formerly an English Court of Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction of Westminster. It had jurisdiction over forgery, perjury, riots, maintenance, fraud, libel, and conspiracy, and could inflict any punishment short of death. This court was abolished in 1640. (S25).

Its process was summary and often iniquitous (especially in the time of James I and Charles I). Jurors were punished for finding verdicts against the crown. This court approximated the methods of The Spanish Inquisition in extracting testimony.). (S25).

On the death of Elizabeth in 1603, James I, of the House of Stuart, came to the throne. In 1604 the famous or infamous Hampton Court Conference was held, when King James stormed out against the Puritans: "I will make them conform, or I will harry them out of the kingdom." The next year the king's threat was carried out against Stephen, and he suffered much at the hands of the bishops.

On the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603, James VI of House of Stuart (son of Mary, Queen of Scots), ascended the English throne as James I. In January 1604, the famous Hampton Court Conference was held. When King James uttered his angry threat against the Puritans to Dr. Reynolds, the Puritan leader, "I will make them conform or I will harry them out of the Kingdom". (S25).

The presbyters or elders in the Scottish Church had always been a throne in James' royal side, so, when a delegation of bishops and other churchmen, including four Puritans, presented the list of requests for church reform at Hampton Court, he would only grant a few. To show that he meant business about his threat, James imprisoned the Puritans who presented the petition. (S25).

Thus James sealed his fate and that of the country; virtually signing the death-warrant of his son, Charles. If James had been less interested in showing off his theological knowledge; less frightened of falling into the Presbyterians hands (dissenters from whom he had escaped in Scotland); less consumed with his own idea of divine right at the Hampton Court Conference; and more willing to listen or accede even in a very small way to the moderate demands made by the reforming party within the reforming party within The Anglican Church, then probably, extreme radical Puritanism would not have come into being, and the Puritans who beset his son Charles would not have "harried him out of the land" via the headman's axe. (S25).

One good thing came out of the Hampton Court meeting. James accepted a proposal by one of the Puritans that the Bible then used, differed too much from the original Greek and Hebrew, and should be rewritten. James ordered that the most learned scholars at Oxford and Cambridge Universities work on translating a new Bible from the original languages. This resulted in the King James Bible (authorized version) still used today. The Pilgrims, however, used the Geneva Bible, first published in 1560, just after Elizabeth came to the throne. (This Bible has just been reprinted -- 1998, and has Puritan notes in the margin). (S25).

The dissenters were called Calvinists in Holland, Presbyterians in Scotland, Huguenots in France, and Puritans in England. Many went to Holland for refuge. (S25).

Stephen was ejected from his vicarage post in 1605 and was persecuted as one of the earliest of the non-conformists.

Of Mr. Bachiler's life at Wherwell, little is known. We only know that he remained there until 1605, for on the ninth day of August 1605, John Bate, A clergyman, was appointed Vicar of Wherwell . A vacancy existing because of "The ejection of Stephen Bachiler" , the last Vicar. (S25).

The next year, the King's threat was carried out against Stephen Bachiler. Winthrop said that Mr. Bachiler had suffered much at the hands of the Bishops, and in August 1605, he was replaced at Wherwell -- one of over one hundred who lost their pastorates because of James. Mr. Bachiler was among the first. (S25).

Mr. Bachiler embraced the "Puritan Doctrine" against the union of the church and state. He was considered a liberal Puritan, zealous of human rights. However, it seems that to the end of his life, he was constantly stepping on the toes of his parishioners. (S25).

Mr. Bachiler was excommunicated from the church, and so no church record exists showing his abiding places. Probably he preached to different congregations, not in a settled way, but when he could avoid the persecution of the church people.

It is thought, by some, that during the years from 1607 to 1620, Rev. Bachiler took refuge in Holland. We know his son-in-law, Rev. John Wing, husband of Mr. Bachiler's daughter Deborah, was pastor of an English church in Middleburgh, Holland, until he returned to England just prior to his death. (S25).

In 1610, he appears to still be a "Clergyman of the County of Southampton". (S25).

A case in Star Chamber reveals that Stephen Bachiler still resided in Wherwell in 1614. George Wighley, a minister and an oxford graduate, accused Stephen Bachiler, his son (Stephen), and John Bate of Wherwell, clerk, and others of libeling him by means of verses ridiculing him. In the course of the complaint, Wighley quotes John Bate as saying he would keep copy of the poem "As a monument of his Cousin's, the said Stephen Bachiler the younger, wit, who is in truth his cousin". (Star Chamber Proc. James I, 297/25, 1614).(S25).

His wife Ann apparently died about 1620, probably prior to his move to Newton Stacy.

All of Mr. Bachiler's children were by his first wife, Ann, who was possibly a sister of Rev. John Bate, who replaced Mr. Bachiler at Wherwell. Stephen Bachiler, Jr. called John Bate, Jr. "Cousin". (S25).

And on 11 June 1621, Adam Winthrop's diary says that he had "invited Mr. Bachiler, the preacher" to dine with him, presumably at Groton in Suffolk. (S25).

In the year 1622, there are records of land transactions near Newton Stacy, England, by Mr. Bachiler; so it is known that some time prior to 1622, he returned to England -- if he ever did leave England except for visits to Holland. (S25).

WIFE (2): Christian WEARE. MARRIAGE: 2 MAR 1623/1624, Abbots-Ann,Hants, England.

Mr. Bachiler's second wife was Christian Weare, widow. They were married at Abbots Ann, 2 March 1623/4. (S25).

Wife (2) Christian Weare died between 1624 and 1627.

He married (3) Helen, MARRIAGE: 26 MAR 1627, Abbots-Ann,Hants,England.

His third wife was Helena Mason, widow of Rev. Thomas Mason. They were married 26 March 1627. She accompanied him to America, and was the "lusty comely woman." (S25). [This is incorrect. Helen apparently died in England. Winthrop’s statement in his journals that Mr. Bachiler had to the time of his marriage in Hampton, “”esteemed the pure life,” is further indication that he remained unmarried from his arrival in New England until his fourth marriage about 1647.].

During the year 1629, a colonizing society "The Plough Company" was encouraging emigrants to go to New England. Mr. Bachiler invested one hundred pounds in the company (and loaned them more). He was determined to leave England for New England. It was during this year that Rev. John Wing, husband of Deborah Bachiler, wrote his will in London, and died 4 August 1630. Deborah, now a widow with three grown sons, made the decision to emigrate to America with her father. The three sons of her sister Ann, wife of Rev. John Sanborn, were also to make the journey with their grandfather. (S25).

The Colony was called "Lygonia" after Cecily Lygon, mother of New England Council president Sir Ferdinando Gorges. Bachiler was to be its minister and leader. Although the settlers sailed to America in 1631, the project was abandoned.(S26).

The "Plough Company" was made up of a group of dissenters. Some time during 1629/30, they named Mr. Bachiler their pastor. The "Plough Company" applied for a land grant in Maine. This effort was spearheaded by Richard Dummer, who is often called a "kinsman" or Mr. Bachiler. Richard Dummer, in a letter to Nathaniel Bachiler (son of Stephen, addressed him as "cussin". (S25).

Richard Dummer's first wife was Stephen Bachiler's step-daughter, being a daughter of Rev. Thomas and Helena Mason. Mrs. Helena Mason, widow, became Mr. Bachiler's third wife, and is the one who accompanied him to America. Her daughter was Frances Mason Dummer. (S25). [It is apparently not true that Helen accompanied him to New England].

Some of the parishioners of Barton Stacy in Hampshire, a few miles east of Wherwell, listened to his sermons at some time before 1632, for we find that Sir Robert Paine petitioned the council, stating that he was Sheriff of Hampton in that year and was also chosen church warden of Barton Stacy, and that some of the parishioners, petitioners tenants, having been formerly misled by Stephen Bachiler, a notorious inconformist, had demolished a consecrated chapel at Newton Stacy, neglected the repair of the parish church, maliciously opposed petitioners' intent(that he should repair the church at his own expense), and executed many things in contempt of the canons and the Bishop.(S25).

There are gaps in the English career of Stephen Bachiler. It would appear that he lived at Wherwell for most of the years from his induction there as vicar in 1587 until 1614, and that he then resided in Newton Stacy from 1614 to 1631. Shortly before his departure for New England. (S25).

He apparently lived briefly at South Stoneham, Hampshire, after disposing of his land at Barton Stacy, for that is the residence he gave for himself and his wife, Helena, (age 48), and his widowed daughter, Ann Sanborne (age 30), then living in "ye stand", to go to Flushing, Holland, for two months to visit his sons and daughters". This request was made 23 June 1631. Previously his daughter, theodate (theo-dah-tay) and her husband, Christopher Hussey, had been dispatched to the new world. It may be that Deborah Wing, his daughter had to returned to her old home in middleburgh, Holland. (S25).

Flushing is in Zealand near Middleburgh. Probably Mr. Bachiler's children and grandchildren were on the island of Walcheren, which contains both Flushing and Middleburgh. (S25).

Mr. Bachiler had three sons: Nathaniel who was a merchant; Stephen, who served as chaplain to Sir Charles Morgan in Holland; and Samuel, who was a minister in Sir Charles Morgan's fighting regiment in Holland. That same year Samuel was offered a pastorate in Flushing, but he declined. He preached "in the Armie" at Danger-Leager, and to the English at Gorinchem and Amsterdam. He wrote a book in 1625 of meditations on Deuteronomy 23:9-14 "When the host goeth forth against thine enemies, then keep thee from every evil thing -- for the Lord God walketh in the midst of thy camp to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy; that he seeth no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee."

There is a three page preface to his book addressed "to all my deare and loving countrymen in service to the states of the United Provinces, the Honorable Officers, and all honest souldiers of the English Nation residing in the Netherlands, and specially (as service bindeth me) to those of Gorcum in Holland." (S25).

In 1631 he was residing at S. Stoneham, Hants, Eng.

In 1631, Stephen went to Holland to visit his children. It was here that his daughter, Theodate, met Christopher Hussey, who became enamoured of her. He sought her hand, and Stephen consented to the union only if they would accompany him to America.

On 9 March 1632, the Bachiler's boarded the ship William and Francis from London; Rev. Bachiler and his third wife, Helena; his widowed daughter, Deborah Wing, and her three sons, Daniel, John, and Stephen; also three Sanborne grandsons (Stephen, John, and William). (S25). [Helena probably died in England before this].

From the "Planters of the Commonwealth", passengers and ships, page 96 -- ship: William and Francis. Mr. ----- Thomas, Master. Left London 9 March 1632. Arrived New England 5 June 1632, with about sixty passengers (per John Winthrop, Journal I, pp. 80,81). Rev. Stephen Bachiler of Newton Stacy, County Hampshire, England; Mrs. Helen Bachiler; John Sanborn, William Sanborn, Stephen Sanborn. (no mention of Deborah and her three sons. Perhaps they were listed separately or came on another ship).

The crossing was difficult. They were at sea for eighty-eight days. At this time, Mr. Bachiler was seventy-one years of age. (S25).

The cargo Mr. Bachiler brought with him is as follows (S25):
Four hogsheads of peas,
Twelve yards of cloth,
Two hundred yards of list,
Oaken furniture,
and a collection box.

From the "Planters of the Commonwealth", passengers and ships, page 96 -- "ship: William and Francis". Mr. ----- Thomas, Master. Left London 9 March 1632. Arrived New England 5 June 1632, with about sixty passengers (per John Winthrop, Journal I, pp. 80,81). Rev. Stephen Bachiler of Newton Stacy, County Hampshire, England; Mrs. Helen Bachiler; John Sanborn, William Sanborn, Stephen Sanborn. (no mention of Deborah and her three sons. Perhaps they were listed separately or came on another ship).

Mr. Bachiler left England for Boston in 1632 aboard the William and Francis, with sixty passengers. After eighty-eight days they landed at Boston. Among his fellow travelers were Governor Winslow of Plymouth and a Mr. Richard Dummer. A relationship existed between the Bachilers and the Dummers no one to date has been able to trace. Records have been found in which Dummer referred to Stephen Batchelder as 'cusson'.

He came shortly there after the death of Helen to New England with his widowed daughter Anne. He was then age 71. They set sail from England on 5 JUN 1632 on the William and Francis.

His first residence was in Cambridge, Massachusetts. (S27).

Upon arrival in New England, Mr. Bachiler and his party proceeded to Saugus (now Lynn), Massachusetts, where his daughter, Theodate, and her husband, Christopher Hussey resided.(S25).

Of his known children, only Theodate and Deborah came to New England.

By 1635 he was in Lynn (then Saugus), Massachusetts.

On his first Sunday in Lynn, Mr. Bachiler baptised four children. The first white child born in Lynn was Thomas Newhall, who was presented first for baptism. It has been said Mr. Bachiler put him aside and said "I will baptise my own child first", meaning Stephen, son of Christopher and Theodate Hussey. (S25).

He incurred the hostility of the Puritan theocracy in Boston, casting the only dissenting vote among ministers against the expulsion of Roger Williams.(S26). The decree of banishment for Roger Williams was given on 19 OCT 1635, carried into effect Jan., 1636. (S26).

Before Mr. Bachiler had been preaching four months at Lynn, he came under "suspicion" of having independent ideas, which he was not willing to yield to the dictates of others. The General Court passed the following order: "3 October 1632, Mr. Bachiler is required to forebear exercising his gifts as a pastor and teacher publiquely in or pattent, unless it be to those hee brought with him, for his contempt for authority and until some scandles be removed." It was considered "scandlous" to conduct worship in any way not approved of by the rulers, but, after five months the prohibition was removed, and he was free to gather a church in Massachusetts. (S25).

He went on to preach in Massachusetts Bay Colonies, including Ipswich, Yarmouth and Newberry. At Ipswich, he was granted fifty acres of land. His stay there was short. (S25).

During 1637-8, he settled in Yarmouth. At that time, he was seventy-six and he went all the way on foot in a very hard season. (S25).

In 1636 he was at Ipswich, Massachusetts; about 100 miles from Yarmouth.

While a resident of Ipswich, MA, he undertook a plan for founding a plantation at Mattakeese (now Yarmouth) some 100 miles away on Cape Cod. According to Winthrop's book on New England, "Mr. Batchellor, late pastor at Saugus (since called Lynn), being about 76 years of age walked thither on foot in a very hard season."(S29).

In 1638 he was in Newbury, Massachusetts.

In Newberry, he received a grant of land in 1638. (S25).

His next move was to Newbury, MA, where land had been granted to him on 6 July 1638. In October of that year, based on his petition, the General Court of Massachusetts granted, "Stephen Bachiler and his company" liberty to begin a plantation at Winnicunnet. On 16 October 1638, settlement was begun, the journey from Newbury, MA, having been made on a shallop (a small boat). On 7 June 1639, the plantation was made a town and, upon Rev. Bachiler's request, was named Hampton, NH. Here he organized a church and was pastor of that church, probably the oldest church in New Hampshire. In 1644, he was called to Exeter, NH, but was prohibited from preaching there by the General Court. In 1644, after the death of his second [Third-Helena] wife, he sold his farm in Hampton, NH. Before 1647, he moved from Hampton, NH, to Strawberry Banke (now Portsmouth), NH. On 16 April 1647, he deeded all his remaining estate in Hampton, NH, to his three grandsons, John and William Sanborne and Nathaniel Batchelder.(S29).

It was soon after this, the General Court of Massachusetts gave him liberty to begin a plantation at Winnacunnet. It was at the request of Mr. Bachiler that the name of Winnacunnet was changed to Hampton. (Ref: New Hampshire Provincial Papers, Vol. I, Pg. 151) Soon after going there he sold his land in Newberry, and in 1639, as pastor at Hampton, he was granted three hundred acres of land for a farm, in addition to his house-lot. (S25).

He was a founder of Hampton, Rockingham County New Hampshire in 1638.(S1). He was a leader of the settlement of Hampton, NH, and is said to have named the town.

The church Mr. Bachiler organized at Hampton is now the oldest Congregational Society in New Hampshire and the second oldest continuous church fellowship in the United States. The original church was a frame building 40 feet by 22 feet. It was a plain building without chimney or stove, with pulpit, and seats, which were probably without backs, where men and women sat apart. (The first year they worshiped in a structure of logs.) (S25).

Sometime during his stay in Hampton, his house burned and he suffered great loss. The greatest loss was his library. It was valued at two hundred pounds! (S25).

The period from 1638 to 1644 was a time of vast differences between Mr. Bachiler and his parishioners. He was prohibited from preaching. In fact, he was excommunicated! (S25).

Excommunicated by the Church at Boston in 1641 on unfounded charges of "scandal", later reinstated, he went as missionary to Strawberry Bank (now Portsmouth, N.H.) about 1644.(S26).

In a letter addressed to Governor John Winthrop, he complained bitterly of Timothy Dalton, teacher at the Hampton church of which Mr. Bachiler was pastor (S25):
First Congregational Church
Hampton, N.H.
"I see not how I can depart till I have, God forgive me, cleared and vindicated the cause and wrongs I have suffered of the church I yet live in; that is from the teacher (indeed) who hath done all and been the cause of all the dishonor that hath acrew'd to God, shame to myself, and griefs to all God's people. By his irregular proceedings and abuse of the power of the church in his hand by the major part cleaving to him, being his countrymen and acquaintance in old England.

"The teacher's act of his excommunicationing me would prove the foulest matter, both for the cause alleged of that excommunication, and the impulsive cause (even wrath and revenge), and also the manner of all his preceding throughout to the very end; and lastly, his keeping me under bonds."

On 20 Apr 1647 he was residing at Strawberry Bank, NH During April of 1647, Mr. Bachiler left Hampton and removed to Portsmouth, New Hampshire (then called Strawbery Banke). Winthrop wrote in his journals that Mr. Bachiler had to that time esteemed the pure life, but at the age of eighty, solicited the chastity of his neighbor's wife. Winthrop added that Mr. Bachiler then had "a lusty comely woman as his wife". (S25).

Shortly after his removal to Strawbery Banke, Mr. Bachiler's "usual good sense" “seems to have deserted him.” He was now a widower and obtained for a housekeeper, a young widow, whom he called "an honest neighbor." He commented to John Winthrop that his neighbors seemed to think it unseemly -- so he married her, and the match was very unfortunate. It must have taken place when he was eighty-six or eighty-seven years old. She was sixty years younger than he was. Her name was Mary Bailey, widow of Robert Beedle, a fisherman/farmer, by whom she had two children -- a daughter, Elizabeth, and a son, Christopher. (S25).

The exact date of Stephen's marriage to Mary is unknown, because he performed the ceremony and failed to publish it, an omission for which he was fined ten pounds, later lowered to five pounds. (S25).

He married (3) widow Mary BEEDLE. She was a much younger woman and he was age 87. After a while, Mary’s eyes began to wander to the younger, more romantic men in Hampton, New Hampshire. Her new love, George Rodgers, fathered a child, obviously not that of the very elderly Reverend BACHELDER. The young man was sentenced to forty strokes and was driven out of town. Mary was given forty one strokes and was ordered to wear the letter “A” of a good size, and contrasting color upon her clothes. One version of the tale is that Reverend BACHELDER refused to give Mary a divorce so that she could marry George, and that he returned to England, leaving her and her baby as burdens upon the town of Hampton, unable to marry a man willing to care for them.(S2).

Mary began an affair with their young next door neighbor, George Rogers, and having been found out, she was subsequently sentenced by the Georgiana (York) Court to be flogged and branded with the letter "A". George Rogers also was to be flogged with forty stripes save one. Mary was to receive hers at the first Kittery Town Meeting six weeks after the birth of her child by George Rogers. The court also ordered Stephen Bachiler and Mary to live together as man and wife, or else! Instead, he took refuge with his grandson in Hampton. (S25).

About 1647, he married his third wife and this marriage proved to be a disaster. "At a General Court held at Gorgeanna, 15 October 1650, George Rogers and Mrs. Batcheller were accused of living in one house and in one room and were ordered separated before the next court or to pay 40s. Stephen charged his wife with adultery and prayed for a divorce and, it seems, Mary moved for a divorce also. The court in October of the same year ordered, "That Mr. Bachiler and his wife shall lyve toeagther as man and wife, as in this court they have publiquely professed to doe; and if either desert one another, then hereby the Court doth order that the marshal shall apprehend both the said Mr. Batchelor and Mary his wife, and bring them forth to Boston, there to be kept till the next Quarter Court of Assistants, that further consideration thereby may be had, both of them moving for a divorce; and this order shall be sufficient order soe to doe; provided notwithstanding, that if they put in 50 pounds each of them for their appearance...." Pierce, Batchelder Genealogy, p. 36. This seems a strange order to us today and as far as we know, a divorce was not granted. According to York court records of 15 October 1651, Mary Bachiler was accused and found guilty of adultery with her punishment, "... shall receive forty stripes save one, at the first town meeting held at Kittery, 6 weeks after her delivery, and be branded with the letter A." This with the other problems he had constantly with the authorities wherever he lived, his power of attorney, given to his son-in-law, Christopher Hussey, approved by Hampton (NH) Court in November of 1654, apparently prompted Stephen to leave the country and return to England where the state of political affairs had eased. He died there in 1660. Mary's claim, in her petition for divorce, that Stephen married again after returning to England seems to be without foundation.(S29).

Batchelder returned to Engl. prob. by Oct 1651.(S24).

Stephen Bachiler wanted to escape this woman, and England seemed the place to go, for political affairs in England had changed. The commonwealth had been established and Oliver Cromwell had become Lord Protector. It has been said that Mr. Bachiler and Cromwell had been friends. Whether that was true or not, his friends were now at the head of affairs in England now and his enemies had been defeated. His son-in-law, Christopher Hussey, helped fit him for the journey back to England in 1654. (S25).

In June 1654, the court ordered Thomas Hanscom, age 31, "not to live with Mary Bachiler". Further investigation reveals Mary's plight. At the October 1651 adultery trial, both she and Mr. Bachiler sought divorce, but were denied it. By that time, Hanscom was living with Mary, her legal husband was in England, where he remained until his death. Mary had found an attractive man from the Hanscom shipbuilding family, but was barred from legally marrying him. Finally, Mary was granted a divorce in 1656 (ironically, Stephen Bachiler was buried just seventeen days after Mary was granted the divorce). She told the court that Stephen had gone to England where he had taken another wife (absolutely no records confirm this), and she said she needed freedom to remarry for assistance in raising her two ailing children, and to conserve her estate. In 1657, she married Thomas Turner and became a respectable, successful, church-going woman, active in community affairs. (S25).

A book written in 1910 states that Mary Magdalene Bailey Beedle Bachiler Turner was the woman upon whom Nathaniel Hawthorne patterned Hester Prynne in "The Scarlet Letter". The evidence is strong that Hester Prynne was a character derived from Hawthorne's extensive knowledge of the history of Kittery in colonial times. (S25).

He died in 1656 (S5,S6) at (Hackney or Harkney, Middlesex-S1 and/or S2))(London-S6,S7), England.

He was buried 31 OCT 1656, All Hallows Staining Church, London, Middlesex, England. (S3,S7), not (in 1660-S1 and/or S2,S8) as is often said.

That Mr. Bachiler returned to England in old age, after the collapse of his fourth marriage, has long been known. Reports that he died in Hackney, Middlesex, in 1660, aged 100 years, appeared in print, but were long ago disproved. These were based partly on tradition that he lived to a great age and died in England, and partly on a hasty conclusion made in error by someone reading material published in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Vol. VIII. - Fourth Series. (Boston, Mass.: The Society, 1868), 583-584. This error showing him dying in Hackney aged 100 years was caught many years ago and corrected in the “Additions and Corrections” to the Genealogical Dictionary (supra, 781). People still, however, persist in carrying on this incorrect information which actually pertains to a Rev. John Bachiler who died in Hackney in 1674! (S24).

“…a 1656 entry at Allhallows Staining, London, states ‘Steeven Batchiller, minister, that died at Robert Barbers, was buried in the new churchyard Oct. 31, 1656.’ John Goode was parish rector 1654-1662, so this entry does not relate to a rector of the parish and would appear to be our… ancestor.”(S24).

“Steeven Batchiller Minester that dyed att Robert Barbers was buryed in the new church yard Octob 31th 1656”(S24).

The Churchwardens’ Accounts for Allhallows Staining survive from a very early date, and reveal another bit of information (MS 4956/3, Guildhall Library, London). Receipts include payment for burials, and the payments took the form of donations, poor relief, and the like, as well as routine expenses. On page 193, for the year 1656, Mr. Wood found:
Receipts by Richard Pockley, churchwarden:
“Received for Stephen Bachilers knell £ 000 s. 01 d. 06” (S24).

The receipt of 1s. 6d. for Stephen Bachiler’s knell is in the midst of receipts described as for burials, and there is no mention of payment for his burial also. It would thus seem (were this not contradicted by the parish register itself) that he was buried elsewhere, and only the tolling of the bell was performed for him at this church. Very few other entries are for knells. (S24).

Evidently, then, Rev. Stephen Bachiler was buried in the new churchyard of Allhallows Staining on 31 October 1656, presumably aged above 90 years, as he had matriculated at St John’s College, Oxford, on 17 November 1581, and would later give his age as 71 years upon his arrival in the Massachusetts Bay Colony aboard the William and Francis on 5 June 1632 (Genealogical Dictionary, 81).

The church of Allhallows Staining was rebuilt in 1674, three years after it had collapsed while the sexton was digging a grave. It is believed that centuries of burials inside the church and near the foundation on the outside had actually undermined the otherwise sturdy edifice. The tower, and that part of the west end of the old church immediately attached to it, did not fall (Rev. Alfred Povah, D.D., The Annals of the Parishes of St. Olave Hart Street and Allhallows Staining, in the City of London [London: The United Parishes, 1894], 317-320]). The church of Allhallows Staining stood on the west side of Mark Lane near its northern end, just south of Fenchurch Street. The church was taken down in 1870 when the parish was united with the parish of St Olave Hart Street. The tower, built in the 15th Century, was preserved and a small but pleasant garden created around it. An engraving showing the interior of the church, and one showing a splendid view of the outside, may be seen on pages 319 and 330, respectively, of the above-cited work. In 1873, when the churchyard, situated in Star Alley, Mark Lane, was laid out as a garden, the old gravestones, with three exceptions, were covered with earth, but an accurate plan had been made of the churchyard, indicating the gravestones in their several positions, and a copy of all the legible inscriptions was annexed to the plan. A copy of the plan, with the inscriptions, was preserved among the parish records of Allhallows Staining (ibid., 329). Evidently, none could be found for Mr. Bachiler. (S24).

It is ironic that Mr. Bachiler was apparently buried just seventeen days after his fourth wife petitioned for a divorce in New England, alleging that he had gone to England many years since and married again (Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. Vol. IV.-Part I. 1650-1660. [Boston, Mass.: The Legislature, 1854], 282; Massachusetts Archives, Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, 9:28; , 81-82 [which would date the petition thirteen days before the minister’s burial]). There is no evidence that he did, in fact, marry again in England, and he could not have been there more than two years. It is not clear whether the divorce was ever granted. Such matters were then heard by the Court of Assistants of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the records for the relevant period of time are missing and presumed destroyed. Perhaps word of the old man’s death arrived before the Court could consider the petition, thus making it redundant. (S24).

Rev. Stephen Bachiler's personal chair is on loan at the New Hampshire Historical Society.

Mr. Bachiler was a tall and sinewy man, with prominent features. Especially his nose, a very dark complexion, coarse black hair in his younger days, white in age, mouth large and firm, eyes as black as sloes, features long rather than broad, a strong clear voice, rather slow of motion and speech, simple in dress, obstinate and tenacious of his opinions to a marked degree, a powerful preacher drawing largely from scripture, impress the hearers with the uncommon power and sanctity of his sermons, strong in his friendships and in his hates. (From: "The History of Hampton, N.H." by [Joseph] Dow). (S25).

“…he had that firmness which rendered him utterly unmovable regardless of consequences to himself, when conscious that his motives and judgment were right.” (S22).

Mr. Bachiler was a man of rare physical and intellectual vigor. Winthrop classed him among "honest men." (S25).

Rev. Cotton of Boston in a letter said, "I find he was a gentleman of learning and ingenuity, and wrote a fine and curious hand." (S25).

WIFE:
[F15161]. Anne BATE. [PC T4-8].
Born in 1561 at Wherwell Hampshire England; probably the daughter of BATE [F30322], and the sister of Reverend John BATE. She was said to be christened in 1571 at Norwich, Norfolk, England.

She married Stephen BACHILER [F15160] (in 1580-1589-S6)(1586-S20)(about 1590-S7) at (Wherwell, Hampshire, England-S?)(at Southampton, England-S23).

She died (about 1620-1624-S?)(before 2 MAR 1623-1624-S?) in England.

Further evidence that his first wife and mother of all his children was probably a sister of Rev. John Bate, Bachiler’ successor at Wherwell, Hampshire, was discovered by Charles Edward Banks in an English court record (Court of Requests, Public Record Office, London. REQ2/678/64, dated 2 November 15 Charles I [1639]), and preserved by Charles Hull Batchelder in his extensive manuscript collection on the family at the New Hampshire Historical Society in Concord. A photocopy of the original large vellum document of this suit, and a careful transliteration of it, have recently been received by the writer. (S24).

A suit was brought against John Bate, son of Rev. John Bate, thus establishing the basis of family connection between Bate, Bachiler, and Mrs. Atkinson, among others; also giving evidence that Stephen Bachiler's first wife, Ann, mother of all his children, was possibly sister of Rev. John Bate, Mr. Bachiler's successor at Wherwell in Hampshire. This was discovered by Charles Edward Banks in an English court record (Court of Requests, Public Record Office, London, Req. 2/678/64, dated 2 November 15th Charles I (1639)) and preserved by Charles Hull Batchelder in his extensive manuscript collection on the family at The New Hampshire Historical Society in Concord [NH]. A photocopy of the original large vellum document of this suit, and a careful transliteration of it, were received by George Freeman Sanborn, Jr., who is the founder and first president of the Sanborn Family Association (Founded 1984). (Source: The New Hampshire Genealogical Record, whole number 29 -- January 1991 -- Volume 8, Number 1, Pg. 14).(S25).

CHILDREN of Stephen BACHILER [F15160] and Ann BATE [F15161]:


WIFE (2):
Christian WEARE.
She married (Rev) Stephen BACHILER on 2 MAR 1623/1624 at Abbots-Ann, Hants, England.

WIFE (3):
Helen (Helena), widow MASON.
Widow of Reverend Thomas MASON.
She was born in (1561-S?)(1583-S12). She married (1) (Rev) Thomas MASON. She married (2) (Rev) Stephen BACHILER [F15160] on 26 MAR 1627 at Abbots-Ann, Hampshire, England. She is said to have died in England; however the ships records (Sources 24 and 25) show that she came with her husband to New England in 1632. However, her death in America is not given either.

WIFE (4):
Mary, widow BEEDLE.
widow of Robert Beedle of Kittery. It is said that she died by 1648, but this is incorrect, as she apparently outlived Stephen.

SOURCES: